Labor legal relationships – specific social relationships for which subordination is typical. Subjects of such relationships are employer and employee, as well as organizations representing employees and employers. Full legal capacity occurs when a person is sixteen years old. Exceptions are set by Labor code and other related laws. Employer’s legal capacity arises from the moment of their creation. Employers gain labor rights and take the job responsibilities, as well as implement them through their bodies and administration. These organs are formed and operate in accordance with the laws and employers’ business records. Individual (personal) business owners, farmers and employers who are natural persons implement employment rights and responsibilities by themselves. Workplace: The Lithuanian Supreme Court case no. 3K-3-274/2008 defined workplaces and jobs, which are used in the Labor Code, the difference. Often understood as a workplace by the employer (eg a company), and the workplace more narrowly as a specific job function or location. To specify the workplace is essential, but the job is only discussed by mutual agreement if needed.
Job function: usually not written in the employment contract, just the position of the employment by the contract. Job functions maybe written as a separate document.
Individual labor dispute – a disagreement between the employee and employer on labor laws and other regulatory legal acts, employment or collective agreement set out the rights and responsibilities of implementation. These disputes are heard by the Commission of the Labor and in the court. All disputes, except as specifically provided for in the Labor Code or other applicable law, pre-trial procedure is held by the Labor Commission.